Superfluous Prayer and the Spirit Who Enables It

Superfluous Prayer and the Spirit Who Enables It

On the other hand, a healthy Father-child relationship is marked by trust and confidence in the Father. As we pray, and as we see (even seemingly superfluous) prayers answered again and again, our trust and confidence in God’s fatherly care for us matures. By regularly turning to him at all times in all our need, by regularly and knowingly receiving from him all our needs, we live more deeply into our filial relationship to him.

Of Darkness and Light

Of Darkness and Light

Today, when I read the news or hear about a movie promoting teenage suicide or engage in a discussion with an atheist or even contemplate my own temptations, I am often reminded what a dark world it is in which we live.  Unfortunately, I am not always as shocked as I was waking from my summer dreams years ago.

The Christian Life as Discipleship

The Christian Life as Discipleship

The Christian life is marked by a life of discipleship, both in being a disciple of Jesus and in discipling others.  On this retreat weekend with special guest Ryan Griffith, we looked at what exactly discipleship means, the cost and joy of our own discipleship and discipling others, the practical example that Paul gives us to follow, and the power we have in Jesus' name to disciple.

2017 Annual Report

2017 Annual Report

This letter to our Grace Church (GCD) Body will do double-duty: it is my contribution to our January Graceful Living and also our 2017 Annual Report. In Graceful Living it will introduce a new format you’ll see in our printed Annual Report, and in that document it will introduce similar letters from other ministry leaders that give praise to God for all He accomplished here in 2016.

God Will Clothe Your Weakness with Power

God Will Clothe Your Weakness with Power

If you want to experience the power of God at work in you, and watch the power of God move through you, and witness the power of God rescuing dead and dying people because of you, boldly tell the world that Jesus is your Lord, Savior, and greatest Treasure. Bear the name of Christ in what you do and what you say. There is nothing the Holy Spirit is happier to do through you than to make much of Jesus.

Children & Church Ordinances

Baptism:  What is an appropriate age for children to be baptized? How can we determine that the child is truly in Christ? How do we guard against giving someone a false sense of security by confirming their profession of faith through baptism when it’s possible that their “faith” merely reflects the cultural conditioning gained from being in our family and among our church?
The Lord's Supper:  Similar questions are raised with regard to determining when it is appropriate for our children to participate in the Lord’s Supper.

Manhood and Womanhood

At the heart of personal identity and calling is human sexuality. That is to say, at the heart of our created design is our being male and female. Who we know ourselves to be, how we live in relationship with one another and with God our Creator, how we accomplish our mission as God’s creatures, what we experience as fullness of joy and flourishing and fulfillment—all of these realities are tied to our being male and female. It is, therefore, of crucial importance to answer some foundational questions. What are God’s purposes for creating us as men and women? What does it mean to be a man in Christ? What does it mean to be a woman in Christ? Answering these fundamental questions about human sexuality, sexual identity, and sexual roles in a truthful, thoughtful, and loving way is no simple endeavor, especially in a time filled with contention and controversy and conflict over such matters. But leaving the questions unanswered (or unasked), or offering shallow or pat or untruthful answers, results in confusion and sadness and pain as we struggle to be men and women individually and in our relationships. Because the need is so great and the issue is so important and precious, it will be beneficial to articulate more clearly our understanding of the biblical vision for manhood and womanhood and the roles of men and women in church and home. To do so, we will first state what we believe to be the general biblical portrait for manhood and womanhood, and then offer seven specific affirmations as a way both of sketching in more detail some of the chief contours in this portrait and of expressing how we seek to live it out at Grace Church.

Special Creation in Six Days

In the following pages we will present our reasons for believing what we have stated briefly above.  Specifically we will address (1) God’s work in creating and sustaining all things, and His plan to redeem all things in Christ, (2) some biblical data supporting creation in six days, and (3) how special creation correlates with scientific observation. Most of our attention will be given to this third section. Since God is both the Author of the Bible and the Creator and Sustainer of an ordered and, therefore, scientifically observable universe, we believe that the biblical testimony and scientific observation cannot ultimately contradict each other. 

The Doctrines of Grace Church of DuPage

Grace Church of DuPage is confessionally Reformed in its soteriology. That is to say, Scripture, reason, tradition, and experience lead us to affirm God’s sovereignty over all aspects of our personal salvation. As expressed in our Doctrinal Statement, we believe that “before the foundation of the world, [God] chose in Christ those whom He graciously regenerates, saves, and sanctifies, foreordaining that the rest remain in their sin to their just condemnation (Acts 13:48; Romans 8:28-30; Ephesians 1:4-11; 2:1-7; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 Timothy 1:9; 2:10; 1 Peter 1:1-2).” This gracious choosing or election is granted “to totally depraved sinners” and is not a response “to any initiative on their own part nor to God’s anticipation of what they might do by their own will, but is solely of His sovereign grace and mercy (Ephesians 1:4-7; Titus 3:4-7; 1 Peter 1:2).” Having graciously elected dead sinners, God sovereignly calls them to Himself, just as Jesus called Lazarus from the tomb, with the result that the dead are raised miraculously to new life. And sealing them with the Holy Spirit, God commits Himself to the provision of sustaining grace so that those chosen and made alive in Christ will endure faithfully till the end and inherit their reward in the new heavens and the new earth.

Last Things


We teach that at physical death there is a separation of one’s soul from one’s body (Philippians 1:21-24), that death involves no loss of our immaterial consciousness (Revelation 6:9-11), that the soul of the redeemed passes immediately into the presence of Christ (Luke 23:43; 2 Corinthians 5:8; Philippians 1:23) and that, for the redeemed, such separation of body and soul will continue until the bodily resurrection of the dead in Christ.

We teach that the bodily resurrection of the dead in Christ will occur immediately prior to the Rapture of the living church (1 Thessalonians 4:13-17; Matthew 24:30-31)—which is a part of the first resurrection unto spiritual life (Revelation 20:4-6)—when our soul and resurrection body will be united, to be glorified forever with our Lord (1 Corinthians 15:35-44, 50-54; Philippians 3:21). Until that time, the souls of the redeemed in Christ remain in joyful fellowship with our Lord Jesus Christ (2 Corinthians 5:6-9).

We teach the bodily resurrection of all people, the saved to eternal life (John 6:39; Romans 8:10-11, 19-23; 2 Corinthians 4:14), and the unsaved to judgment and everlasting punishment (Daniel 12:2; John 5:29; Revelation 14:9-11; 20:13-15).

We teach that the souls of the unsaved, at death, are kept under punishment until the second resurrection unto spiritual death (Luke 16:19-26; Revelation 20:6, 13-15), when the soul and the resurrection body will be united (John 5:28-29). They shall then appear at the Great White Throne judgment (Revelation 20:11-15) and shall be cast into the lake of fire (Matthew 25:41-46), cut off from the life of God forever (Daniel 12:2; Matthew 25:41-46; 2 Thessalonians 1:7-9).

The Second Coming and the Millennial Reign

We teach that the single most important event in human history was the incarnation, life, death, and resurrection of Christ, whereby Christ conquered sin, death, and Satan. While one sees evidences of that victory in history and in the world around us, the final consummation of that victory has not yet taken place but will occur at the second coming of Christ. Thus, we teach the literal, personal, visible, and glorious second-coming of the Lord Jesus Christ, at which time He shall return for His bride, the church, and establish His millennial reign (John 14:3; Acts 1:11; 1 Thessalonians 4:16; Hebrews 9:28).

We teach that after God’s wrath is poured out upon the earth, Christ will rule over the kingdom of God on earth, establishing His Messianic kingdom for a thousand years (Revelation 20:1-7). During this time the resurrected saints will reign with Him over all the nations of the earth (Daniel 7:27; Revelation 2:26; 3:21). His reign will be preceded by the overthrow of the Antichrist and the False Prophet, and by the removal of Satan from the world (Revelation 19:19-20; 20:1-3).

We teach that the Millennial Kingdom will be the fulfillment of God’s promise to Israel (Ezekiel 37:21-28) to restore them to the land which they forfeited through their disobedience (Deuteronomy 28:15-68). As a result of the nation’s disobedience, God judged Israel (Matthew 21:42-44; Romans 11:1-24), but they will again be awakened through repentance to enter into the land of blessing (Ezekiel 36:22-32; Romans 11:25-29).

We teach that this time of our Lord’s reign will be characterized by harmony, justice, peace, righteousness, and long life (Isaiah 11:1-9).

Final Judgment and Eternity

We teach that following the release of Satan after the thousand year reign of Christ (Revelation 20:7), Satan will deceive the nations of the earth and gather them to battle against the saints and the beloved city, at which time Satan and his army will be devoured by fire from heaven (Revelation 20:9). Following this, Satan will be thrown into the lake of fire and brimstone (Matthew 25:41; Revelation 20:10).

We teach a physical resurrection of the unsaved dead to judgment. After receiving their judgment (Romans 14:10-13), they will be committed to an eternal conscious punishment in the lake of fire (Matthew 25:41; Revelation 14:9-11; 20:11-15).

We teach that after the closing of the millennium, the temporary release and ultimate defeat of Satan, and the judgment of unbelievers (Revelation 20:7-15), all believers will enter the new heavens and the new earth with the Father, Son, and Holy Spirit. Our Lord Jesus Christ, having fulfilled His redemptive mission, will then deliver up the kingdom to God the Father (1 Corinthians 15:24-28) that in all spheres the triune God may reign forever and ever (1 Corinthians 15:28).

Of fundamental importance when considering Christ’s return is reflecting upon whether or not we are ready to meet our coming Lord (Matthew 25:1-13). Fervent hope, anticipation, and readiness for our Lord’s return motivates us for and is manifested in the pursuit of holiness now (1 John 3:2-3), even as this pursuit of holiness now prepares us for His future return (Jude 20-21). Grace Church seeks to live in the expectation of His coming (Philippians 3:20-21; 2 Timothy 4:8). Even so, come, Lord Jesus (Revelation 22:20).


Holy Angels

We teach that angels are created beings and are therefore not to be worshiped. In God’s inscrutable wisdom, they are created to serve humankind and to serve and worship God (Psalm 103:20-21; Colossians 1:15-16; Hebrews 1:6-7, 14; 2:6-7; Revelation 5:11-14; 19:10; 22:9).

Fallen Angels

We teach that Satan is a created angel and the originator of sin. He incurred the judgment of God by rebelling against his Creator (Isaiah 14:12-17; Ezekiel 28:11-19), by taking numerous angels with him in his fall (Matthew 25:41; Revelation 12:1-14), and by introducing sin into the human race by his temptation of Adam and Eve (Genesis 3:1-15).

We teach that Satan is the open and declared enemy of God and man (Isaiah 14:13-14; Matthew 4:1-11; Revelation 12:9-10), the prince of this world who has been defeated through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ (John 12:31-32) and that he shall be eternally punished in the lake of fire (Isaiah 14:12-17; Ezekiel 28:11-19; Matthew 25:41; Revelation 20:10).

Christian Freedom

Its Nature

We teach that Jesus Christ has purchased freedom for believers (Acts 13:38-39; Galatians 5:1). Jesus referred to this freedom at various points in His teaching (Luke 4:18; John 8:32-36). The nature of this freedom consists in believers being set free from certain things to pursue new things. Those things from which believers have been set free include the guilt and penalty of sin (Romans 6:23; 8:1; Colossians 2:13-14), bondage to sin (John 8:34; Romans 6:1-13), bondage to Satan (Acts 26:18; Colossians 1:13), the sting of death (1 Corinthians 15:54-57), the wrath of God (1 Thessalonians 1:10; 5:9) and the curse of the law of God (Galatians 3:13). Those things believers have been freed to pursue include an intimate relationship with God through Jesus Christ, having been enabled in at least two key ways. First, being reconciled to God through our faith in Jesus Christ we have been enabled to enjoy free access to Him (Romans 5:1-2). In addition, we have been granted ability to yield all obedience to Him; to voluntarily love, serve and obey Him with a child-like love and a willing mind, not out of a slavish fear (Romans 6:11-13; 8:14-15).

Its Scope

We teach that this freedom which Christ has purchased for believers has the following implications:

(a)    We teach that our justification before God is based on God’s grace and mercy alone through faith in Christ and is not based on our keeping of the Law (Romans 3:24-31; Galatians 2:16; Titus 3:5-8). Although believers are still obligated to keep the law of God, it forms no part of the basis for their justification.

(b)   We teach that all true believers have become the Lord’s bondslaves. As His servants, we will do what He commands and be separate from (avoid or abstain) what He forbids. Our lives will be given over to Him in complete obedience (John 14:21; Romans 6:16-23; 1 John 2:3-6).

(c)    We teach that the Word of God (the Holy Bible) alone is to be our guide and standard for knowing what the Lord commands and what He forbids. The Word of God will be our only rule of faith and practice (Joshua 1:8; 2 Timothy 3:15-17).

(d)   We teach that human rules, traditions and standards, which are either apart from or contrary to the Word of God, shall not be used as our standard of obedience or spirituality (Matthew 15:1-9; Colossians 2:20-23).

(e)    We teach that with respect to those things or activities about which the Word of God neither commands nor forbids, believers have the freedom to use and enjoy them judiciously and moderately in accordance with the design for which our Creator God has given them (1 Timothy 4:4-5; James 1:17). Our use of these things is to be further regulated by the following Biblical guidelines:

(i)     We will use them only when our conscience and faith permit us, for it is neither right nor good to act against conscience (Acts 24:16; Romans 14:5, 22-23).

(ii)   We will use them in love, and only after considering whether they will encourage our brother or sister to sin against his conscience (Romans 14:6, 14, 20, 22–23; 1 Corinthians 8:7, 10). We will not knowingly use those things that would cause our brother or sister to stumble in this way (Matthew 18:6-10; Romans 14:13, 21; 1 Corinthians 8:9-13).

(iii)  We will use them only after carefully examining this particular thing or activity in the light of God’s Word and after searching our own hearts. We want to make sure we are not using our liberty as an occasion to indulge sinfully our flesh (Galatians 5:13; 1 Peter 2:16).

(f)    We teach that God has established and granted power to human authorities for the purpose of maintaining order and providing protection to individuals within a society. Those believers who, in the name of Christian freedom, either disobey or do not submit to these human authorities go against God. Only when those human authorities command what God forbids or forbid what God commands can Christians lawfully go against such authorities. God has authority over all (Psalm 103:19; Daniel 3:16-18; Acts 4:19-20; 5:28-29; Romans 13:1-7; Ephesians 5:22-24; 6:1-9; Hebrews 13:17).

We teach that where different convictions exist with those things or activities in which Christians have liberty, we are not to judge one another wrongfully. Rather, we are to accept one another as brothers and sisters in Christ, constantly upholding one another in prayer, while acknowledging there will be differences of conviction in many areas the Word of God does not specifically address. In these areas it is best to challenge everyone to lead holy lives, judging ourselves while always leaving the judgment of others in the hands of God (Matthew 7:1-5; Romans 14:1-12).

The Church

We teach that all who place their faith in Jesus Christ are immediately placed by the Holy Spirit into one united spiritual body, the church (1 Corinthians 12:12-13), the bride of Christ (2 Corinthians 11:2; Ephesians 5:23-32; Revelation 19:7-8), of which Christ is the head (Ephesians 1:22; 4:15; Colossians 1:18).

We teach that the formation of the church, the body of Christ, began on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2:1-21, 38-47) and will be completed at the coming of Christ for His own at the rapture (1 Corinthians 15:51-52; 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18).

We teach that the church is thus a unique spiritual organism designed by Christ, made up of all born-again believers in this present age (Ephesians 2:11-3:6), and consisting of both Jews and Gentiles, a mystery not revealed until this age (Ephesians 3:1–6). The church is, however, distinct from the nation of Israel, the old covenant people of God (Romans 9-11).

We teach that the establishment and continuity of local churches is clearly taught and defined in the New Testament Scriptures (Acts 14:23, 27; 20:17; Galatians 1:2; Philippians 1:1; 1 Thessalonians 1:1; 2 Thessalonians 1:1) and that the members of the one spiritual body are directed to associate themselves together in local assemblies (Hebrews 10:25).

We teach that the one supreme authority for the church is Christ (1 Corinthians 11:3; Ephesians 1:22; Colossians 1:18) and that church leadership, gifts, order, discipline, and worship are all appointed through His sovereignty as found in the Scriptures. The Biblically designated officers serving under Christ and over the assembly are elders, also called bishops, pastors, and pastor-teachers (Acts 20:28; Ephesians 4:11); and deacons, both of whom must meet Biblical qualifications (1 Timothy 3:1-13; Titus 1:5-9; 1 Peter 5:1-5).

We teach that these leaders lead or rule as servants of Christ (1 Timothy 5:17-22) and have His authority in directing the church. The congregation is to submit to their leadership (Hebrews 13:17).

We teach the importance of discipleship (Matthew 28:19-20; 2 Timothy 2:2), mutual accountability of all believers to each other (Galatians 6:1-5; Hebrews 10:24-25; James 5:13-20), and discipline in appropriate circumstances (Matthew 18:15-22; Acts 5:1-11; 1 Corinthians 5:1-13; 2 Thessalonians 3:6-15; 1 Timothy 1:19-20).

We teach the autonomy of the local church, free from any external authority or control, with the right of self-government and freedom from the interference of any hierarchy of individuals or organizations. We teach that it is Scriptural for true churches to cooperate with each other for the presentation and propagation of the faith. Each local church, however, through its pastors and their interpretation and application of Scripture, should be the sole judge of the measure and method of its cooperation (Matthew 18:15-17; Acts 15:19-31; 1 Corinthians 5:4-7, 13).

We teach that the purpose of the church is to glorify God (Ephesians 3:21), by building itself up in the faith (Ephesians 4:11-16), by instruction in the Word (2 Timothy 2:2, 15; 3:16-17), by fellowship (Acts 2:42; 1 John 1:3), by keeping the ordinances (Luke 22:19; Acts 2:38-42), and by advancing and communicating the gospel to the entire world so that the world might be filled with believing image bearers who gladly and gratefully reflect God’s benevolent kingship (Genesis 1:26-28; Matthew 28:19; Acts 1:8; 2:47).

We teach the calling of all saints to the work of service (1 Corinthians 15:58; Ephesians 4:12; Revelation 22:12).

We teach the need of the church to cooperate with God as He accomplishes His purpose in the world. To that end, He gives the church spiritual gifts. He gives men chosen for the purpose of equipping the saints for the work of the ministry (Ephesians 4:7-12) and He also gives unique and special spiritual abilities (spiritual gifts) to each member of the body of Christ (Romans 12:5-8; 1 Corinthians 12:4-31; 1 Peter 4:10-11).

We teach that with the completion of the canon of Scripture, the more manifestly miraculous spiritual gifts (prophecy, tongues, healings) are no longer necessary as testimonies to the truth and power of the apostolic word and ministry (Hebrews 2:1-4; 2 Corinthians 12:12), and that no one possesses the more manifestly miraculous spiritual gifts today.

While we teach that no one possesses the more manifestly miraculous spiritual gifts today, we also emphatically believe that God still heals (Luke 18:1-6; John 5:7-9; James 5:13-16; 1 John 5:14-15) and performs providential miracles today. There is need for discernment since Satan can counterfeit miracles (Matthew 7:21-23; Revelation 13:13-14). And we would understand some of the reports of miraculous happenings today to be gracious and providential acts of God instead of spiritual “gifts” of individual believers that continue in operation after the apostolic era. But we teach that our God is a sovereign and supernatural God who does as He pleases. We should pray for and expect God to continue to work in powerful and conspicuous and miraculous ways for the good of His creatures and the glory of Christ.

We teach that the church is to observe two ordinances: baptism and the Lord’s Supper (Acts 2:38-42). Baptism by immersion (Acts 8:36-39) is a proclamation of what God has done in Christ, a testimony of a believer’s faith in the crucified, buried, and risen Savior, and a symbol of union with Him in death to sin and resurrection to new life (Romans 6:1-11). It is also a sign of fellowship and identification with the visible body of Christ (Acts 2:41-42), in which all nations and colors and classes are welcome (Galatians 3:27-28). The Lord’s Supper is a commemoration and proclamation of the Lord’s death until He comes, and should be always preceded by self-examination (1 Corinthians 11:28-32). The elements of communion are only representative of the flesh and blood of Christ, but the Lord’s Supper is an actual communion with the risen Christ who is present in a unique way, fellowshipping with His people (1 Corinthians 10:16). Furthermore, the Lord’s Supper conforms diverse individual believers into one body (1 Corinthians 10:17).



We teach that salvation is wholly of God by grace on the basis of the redemption of Jesus Christ, the merit of His righteousness and shed blood, and not on the basis of human merit or works (John 1:12-13; Romans 5:18; Ephesians 1:7; 2:8-10; 1 Peter 1:18-19). Salvation, therefore, is totally of God, and includes, though is not limited to, the following realities: 


We teach that election is the act of God by which, before the foundation of the world, He chose in Christ those whom He graciously regenerates, saves, and sanctifies, leaving the rest in their sin to their just condemnation (Acts 13:48; Romans 8:28-30; Ephesians 1:4-11; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 2 Timothy 1:9; 2:10; 1 Peter 1:1-2).

We teach that sovereign election does not contradict or negate human responsibility or the need to repent (Isaiah 55:6-7; Ezekiel 18:23, 32; 33:11; Luke 13:3; Acts 2:38; 3:19; 11:18; Romans 2:4; 2 Corinthians 7:10) and trust Christ as Savior and Lord (John 3:18-19, 36; 5:39-40; Romans 10:9-10). Nevertheless, since sovereign grace includes the means of receiving the gift of salvation as well as the gift itself, sovereign election will result in what God determines. All whom the Father calls to Himself will come in faith and all who come in faith the Father will receive (John 6:37-40, 44; Acts 13:48; James 4:8).

We teach that the unmerited favor that God grants to totally depraved sinners is not owing to any initiative on their own part nor to God’s anticipation of what they might do by their own will, but is solely of His sovereign grace and mercy (Ephesians 1:4-7; Titus 3:4-7).

We teach that election should not be looked upon as based merely on abstract sovereignty. God is truly sovereign but He exercises this sovereignty in harmony with His other attributes, especially His omniscience, justice, holiness, wisdom, grace, and love. This sovereignty will always exalt the will of God in a manner totally consistent with His character as revealed in the life of our Lord Jesus Christ (Romans 9-11; Ephesians 1-2).


We teach that regeneration is a supernatural work of the Holy Spirit in which spiritually dead people are made spiritually alive (John 3:3-7; Titus 3:5). It is instantaneous and is accomplished solely by the power of the Holy Spirit through the instrumentality of the Word of God (John 5:24; James 1:18; 1 Peter 1:23-25). Regeneration is part of the Holy Spirit’s ministry of glorifying Christ, for the instantaneous effect of regeneration—and thus the first evidence of regeneration—is repentance of sins and faith in Jesus Christ as the divine provision of salvation (1 John 5:1). Regeneration is, therefore, the efficient cause of faith in Christ, however regeneration and faith are temporally coincident and inseparably united. Regeneration is manifested further by fruits worthy of repentance as demonstrated in righteous attitudes and conduct. Good works will be its proper evidence and fruit (Romans 7:4-6; Ephesians 2:10; 1 Peter 1:22-23), and will be experienced to the extent that the believer submits to the control of the Holy Spirit in his life through faithful obedience to the Word of God (Ephesians 5:17-21; Philippians 2:12b; Colossians 3:16; 2 Peter 1:4-10). This obedience causes the believer to be increasingly conformed to the image of our Lord Jesus Christ (2 Corinthians 3:18). Such conformity reaches its climax in the believer’s glorification at Christ’s coming (Romans 8:17; 2 Peter 1:4; 1 John 3:2-3).


We teach that justification before God is an act of God (Romans 8:33) by which He declares us righteous. Specifically, through the instrument of faith we are united to Christ, the result of which union involves the imputation of our sins to Christ (2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Peter 2:24) and the imputation of Christ’s righteousness to us as the only basis for our justification (1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21). Thus, we are freely given an “alien” righteousness, which is apart from any inherent virtue or work of our own doing (Romans 3:20; 4:6; Philippians 3:8-9). By this means God is enabled to “be just and the justifier of the one who has faith in Jesus” (Romans 3:26) and who believes in God who raised Jesus from the dead (Romans 4:24-25).


We teach that there is a “positional sanctification” in which every believer is sanctified (set apart) unto God by justification and is therefore declared to be holy and identified as a saint. This positional sanctification is instantaneous and should not be confused with progressive sanctification. Positional sanctification has to do with the believer’s standing, not his present walk or condition (Acts 20:32; 1 Corinthians 1:2, 30; 6:11; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; Hebrews 2:11; 10:10; 13:12; 1 Peter 1:2).

We teach also that the Holy Spirit causes a “progressive sanctification” in which every believer grows in personal holiness, so that their moral condition is made gradually to conform to the positional (legal) standing they enjoy through justification. Empowered by the Holy Spirit, by means of the Word, prayer, and fellowship, believers grow in holiness and become more and more like our Lord Jesus Christ (John 17:17-19; Romans 6:1-22; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 1 Thessalonians 4:3-4; 5:23).

We teach that every saved person is involved in a daily conflict—the new creation in Christ doing battle against the flesh—but adequate provision is made for victory through the power of the indwelling Holy Spirit. The struggle nevertheless stays with the believer all through this earthly life. All claims to the eradication of sin in this life are unscriptural. Eradication of sin in this life is not promised, but the Holy Spirit does provide for victory over sin (Galatians 5:16-25; Ephesians 4:22-24; Philippians 3:12; Colossians 3:9-10; 1 Peter 1:14-16; 1 John 3:5-9). Furthermore, we teach that separation from sin is clearly called for throughout the Bible as an aspect of sanctification (Romans 12:1-2; 2 Corinthians 6:14-7:1; 1 John 2:15-17), and we affirm that the Christian life is a life of faith-filled obedience characterized by happy blessedness (Matthew 5:2-12) and a continual pursuit of holiness (Titus 2:11-14; Hebrews 12:14; 1 John 3:1-10). Salvation involves not merely being saved from sin’s penalty, but also being saved from sin’s power over us, as well as being saved for joyful submission to Christ. Therefore, separation from sin is a vital part of our salvation. 


We teach that all the redeemed, once saved, are kept by God’s power and are thus secure in Christ forever. Therefore, it is the privilege of believers to rejoice in the assurance of their salvation through the testimony of the Holy Spirit and God’s Word (John 5:24; 6:37- 40; 10:27-30; Romans 5:9-10; 8:1, 12-17, 31-39; 1 Corinthians 1:4-8; Hebrews 7:25; 1 Peter 1:3-5; Jude 24).


We teach that man, male and female, was directly and immediately created by God in His image and likeness. Man was created free of sin with a rational nature, intelligence, volition, self-determination, and moral responsibility to God (Genesis 1:26-30).

We teach that God’s purpose in the creation of man was that they should glorify God, by enjoying God’s fellowship, by living in the will of God, by multiplying and filling the world with faith-filled image bearers, and by reflecting God’s benevolent kingship (Genesis 1:26-28; Isaiah 43:7; Colossians 1:16; Revelation 4:11).

We teach that in Adam’s sin of disobedience to the revealed will and Word of God, man lost their innocence, incurred the penalty of spiritual and physical death, and became subject to the wrath of God. Because all were in Adam, a nature corrupted by Adam’s sin has been transmitted to every individual in every age, Jesus Christ being the only exception. All are thus sinners by nature, by choice, and by divine declaration (Psalm 130:3; 143:2; Ecclesiastes 7:20; Romans 3:9-23; 5:12-21), incapable of choosing or doing that which is acceptable to God apart from divine grace, and therefore saved wholly by God’s grace through the redemptive work of our Lord Jesus Christ (Genesis 2:16-17; 3:1-19; John 3:36; Romans 3:23; 6:23; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Ephesians 2:1-3; 1 Timothy 2:13-14; 1 John 1:8).